Types of Research

Different research methods have different advantages. Here are some articles to illuminate the issues around the effectiveness and reliability of different types of research. 

Training in research-based practices

 

Types of Research

Research Methods in Education (Cohen, L;  Manion, L and Morrison, K 2007, 6th edition): Routledge

This useful book provides a thorough overview of types of research, what they can and cannot find out, and issues for implementation.

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Randomised Control Trials and their limitations for use within educational research. (Hassey, N., undated)  

 Nick Hassey raises questions about the use of RCTs in educational research, suggesting that many common assumptions amongst educators about this approach may be incorrect. The ensuing comments on the post provide an informative discussion. 

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The Use of Single-Subject Research to Identify Evidence-Based Practice in Special Education (Horner, R H, Carr, E G, Halle, J, McGee, G, Odom, S and Wolery M 2005): Exceptional Children 2005 Winter 71 (2): 165 – 179.

Recommended reading as an introduction to single-subject research, not least because it shows how to evaluate research reports based on this approach, and how to use it to document evidence-based practice.

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Alternating Treatments Design: One Strategy for Comparing the Effects of Two Treatments in a Single Subject (Barlow, D H and Hayes, S C 1979): Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis. 1979 Summer; 12 (2): 199 – 210.

This fairly technical paper discusses the benefits and drawbacks of the Alternating Treatments Design (ATD) as a way of studying the effects of two different interventions on the same individual. This design is one of the many ways in which research can be usefully pursued on a subject by subject basis rather than by comparing groups and making statistical and other inferences. 

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Training in research-based practices