A brief summary of Hart and Risley’s seminal paper on vocabulary differences between children of different socio-economic groups.
A useful short summary of Hart and Risley’s important paper.
This important study showed that there are massive differences in the amount of language to which young children are exposed in families of different socio-economic backgrounds, resulting in proportionally large differences in vocabulary even by the age of three years.
This concise but clear critique of Hart and Risley’s important paper raises key questions about methodology and how much weight should be placed on the findings of the study. This is an excellent example of how to ask the right questions when evaluating a research report.
This exhaustive article by Kerry Hempenstall examines the practical issues around thorough assessment in each of the NRP 'pillars' of reading. As well as a detailed set of references, there is excellent discussion of the research base for such assessments and how teachers should use the data they yield.
An exhaustive summary of the research in each of these fields. This is essential reading for those who wish to grasp the depth and complexity of effective reading instruction.
A summary of the best available approaches, based on current research information, for teaching vocabulary. William Nagy is a veteran in the field. His recommendations here are consistent with more current research.
Rhonda Martinussen highlights the need for older students to have access to age-appropriate and evidence-based interventions to improve their word recognition skills, including word analysis strategies (eg how to identify multisyllabic words) and vocabulary knowledge.
It takes about twelve rich and varied exposures to a word to develop deep understanding. Teach multiple meanings of words to foster word consciousness ie sensitivity to context p16
A recent study from the University of Chicago assert that the quality of parents’ talk with their children, rather than their social class, predicts child vocabulary at age five. "Because preschool vocabulary is a major predictor of subsequent school success, this variability must be taken seriously and its sources understood."
A readable news report on the above study is here: